Top 7 Common Types Of Skin Diseases: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Types Of Skin Diseases – Overview

What do you know about the different types of skin diseases? If you have a walk through any drugstore or take one hour to watch the television, you will recognize that the healthy skin plays an important part in the life of each people. In many people’s opinions, the flawless skin is a distant dream. However, it is very difficult for them to get it. All of us can suffer some skin conditions in the lifetime. In fact, there are many common types of skin diseases that the man should notice. They may be skin disorder and skin rash. With the several skin diseases, the types and the causes are quite different. Moreover, the symptoms are not so popular and not so benign. There are many different types of skin diseases existing, with the large difference in severity and symptoms. These types of skin diseases will interfere with the daily activities like at school or work, individual relationships, and social activities.

Now let read the following writing on our website, to discover what types of skin diseases they are.

Read more: 22 Tips on How to Take Care of Your Skin

The Common Types Of Skin Diseases, Causes, Symptoms, And Diagnosis You Should Know

I. Common Types Of Skin Diseases – Skin Disorders

1. Skin Cancer

common types of skin diseases

  • Definition:

Skin cancer [1] is one of the common types of skin diseases that can occur in many people. It is very dangerous if you don’t treat it quickly. Skin cancer is the uncontrolled development of the cancerous tissues on the skin. These cells can grow into the other tissues and organs, such as bone and lymph nodes if you stop medically treating. According to the Skin Cancer Association, the skin cancer is the most general cancer in the United States, having a terrible effect on one in five Americans in their lifetime.

Find more: 30 Home Remedies for Swollen Lymph Nodes in Neck and Throat

  • Types:

The following information will make mention of the types of skin diseases – skin cancer, including:

  • Carcinoma basal cell [2] can occur on the skin of sun exposure. The common symptoms of carcinoma basal cell can be a flesh-colored or pearly oval swelling that can cause the ulcer bleeding; or smoothly-red acne may make an indentation in the center; or the skin on the back or chest has the brown, reddish, or bluish-black areas.
  • Carcinoma squamous cell [3] can occur on the skin of sun exposure. However, its symptoms are different from carcinoma basal cell. If you are suffering from carcinoma squamous, you may see a reddish, firm, wart-like swelling develops gradually and/ or a smooth spot that will become a non-healing bleeding ulcer
  • Actinic Keratosis: [4]  This is a different type of skin cancers, one of the most popular forms of the pre-cancer. This condition can grow into the carcinoma basal cell in most of the people who got two or much more skin cancer diseases. These skin cancer cells can be the predecessor for the carcinoma squamous cell. Both of them are usually misunderstood as the other. The visible symptoms that you can see when this condition occurs are the rough, pink, or red area on the skin of sun exposure
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is one of the common types of skin diseases and its symptoms are very easy to know. This is a several types of skin disease cancer in which it is less popular than the other skin cancer. Melanoma is considered as the most dangerous skin disease. It is the main reason causing seventy- five percent of all deaths related to the skin cancer. Melanoma usually develops in the skin tissues that create the skin color, and it also creates the lesions or moles that comply with a pattern of ABCDE (have mentioned above) in their skin disorders.
  • Symptoms:

If you are in the group of the high risks for skin cancer or you have already treated for some types of illness, you will have the high opportunity to make familiar with how skin cancer issues look. But how can you know whether you have skin cancer or not? Here are its common symptoms that you can see easily:

  • The unexpected changes in shape, color, size or structure of moles, or other skin expansion;
  • An inflamed or open wound skin that will not heal in a few days;
  • The change in an actual mole;
  • The small, multicolored, and dark spots with unusual borders that cause bleeding and create a scab;
  • A mole is larger than an eraser;
  • A cluster of dark, firm, and shiny bumps.

In case, you think it is very difficult to keep all these symptoms in your mind, there is a simple way to remember the symptoms of the skin cancer is remembering the chart of ABCDEs involved in the skin cancer, such as Asymmetry, unusual Borders, changes the Color, Diameter bigger than an eraser, Evolution of a mole's features.

See more: 26 Tips How To Use Clove Oil For Toothache, Bad Breath, PE, Cancer

  • Causes Of Skin Cancer

The skin cancer will happen when there are some errors in the DNA skin tissues. The errors will cause the tissues developing out of control and create the great volume of the cancer tissues.

The skin cancer will start on the top layer of your skin, called the epidermis. This is the top layer helps protect the skin tissues because your body is lightened continuously by the sunlight.

The epidermis includes three important types of tissues, they are:

  • Basal tissues, which bring about the cells of the new skin, placed under the squamous tissues.
  • Squamous tissues placed on the outside surface and have the important function of the inner lining of skin.
  • Melanocytes are the factors that give melanin. When your body is in the sunlight, melanocytes will give more melanin to protect the deeper layers of the skin.

Get also: 38 Amazing Benefits Of Noni Juice For Health, Hair, & Skin

  • Diagnosis

You should visit the dermatologist as soon as possible to make a diagnostic related to the skin cancer if you have some symptoms like an open sore or a new skin development does not disappear or heal during 6 weeks, or a usual mole changes the shape, size, texture, or color surprisingly; or you have a noticeable mole as a mature adult.

The dermatologist may apply these following medical methods to examine for the skin cancer as:

  • Take a physical examination of your skin
  • Carry out a skin biopsy. It means that the dermatologist will take out a template of your skin and check for the skin cancer.
  • Examine the lymph nodes to check if they are bigger than usual.
  • Do imaging tests to recognize if the cancer cells have grown to other organs of the body like brain, liver, and lungs.

In addition, the dermatologist will use some medical techniques (such as the whole body photography) to research the changes in the moles and look for the new existing moles in the normal skin.

However, you can check your skin for the whole body from head to toe at the dermatology clinic every month by yourself, use a hand mirror and full- length mirror to examine your scalp, nose, mouth, genital area, backs of ears, soles, and among the buttocks to know your skin condition well.

Especially, you had better pay attention to the moles and some effective websites that you have read before related to the skin cancer. If you find out an unbelievable development, have it checked by the dermatologist immediately.

Learn also: 34 Health And Beauty Benefits Of Licorice Root

2. Rubella

types of skin diseases and symptoms

  • Definition

Although Rubella is an infectious disease that caused by a kind of virus developing in the tissues in the lungs and throat, it is also considered as one of the common types of skin diseases because of its symptoms. It can spread quickly via the air whenever the patients who got the infected sneeze or a cough.

Those people who have the measles will include the symptoms like a cough, fever, runny nose, and the rash mark that is the signal of the rubella disease. If the rash mark is not treated, it may result in complicated diseases, such as pneumonia, ear infection, and encephalitis.

See more: 24 Natural at Home Remedies for Runny Nose in Adults & Children

  • Symptoms

During one week to two weeks, after becoming infectious with the rash marks, the first indications will appear. The earliest indication is getting flu or cold, with a cough, sore throat, fever, and runny nose. The eyes are getting runny and red. In three or five days later, the red rash mark is going to develop rapidly on the body from head to toe.

  • Types Of Rubella
  • Koplik’s Spots: [5] If you pay attention to the symptoms of the first rash mark in two or three days, you will see some small spots inside your mouth. The spots are often red with the blue-white mark in the middle; they are named Koplik’s spots. When the symptoms of the measles disappear, the Koplik’s spots will be faded.
  • The Measles Rash: [6] It is a spot of reddish-brown or red color. It firstly begins on the face and spreads to all over the body in a few days later. Finally, it will cover the whole body with colored streaks bumps, from the neck to the arms, legs, and trunk until it ultimately reaches to the feet. The rash will last for five or six days.

Check also: 21 Home Remedies For Chickenpox Spots & Scars

3. Acne
  • Definition

Your skin always has many small holes that called the skin pores. It can be blocked by bacteria, dirt, and oil. When it happens, you can get the pimples. In the case of the skin is blocked repeatedly by those above conditions, you will get acne.

Based on the latest research of the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is one of the common types of skin diseases that most of us often face [7]. It is the popular skin issue for people all over the world. Though acne is not the life-threatening disease, it will make a great pain, especially when it becomes more seriously. Acne also gives the upset feelings. If acne develops terribly on the face, it may affect the confidence and cause the permanent scars. Luckily, there are many powerful solutions to treat this skin disease that decrease not only the zit you take but also the scars to occur.

Read more: Top 24 Simple Ways On How To Use Aloe Vera For Acne

  • Causes

Your skin will get the acne if the small holes are interfered by bacteria, dead skin, or oil on the skin. Every pore is the opening of a follicle on your skin. The follicle is made of an oil gland and a hair. The oil gland has the main function of producing the oil, which travels out of the skin pore, up the hair, and on the skin. The oil helps the skin soft, gentle, and lubricated. If you have acne, one or more problems may have trouble during this lubrication procedure. Here are the possible reasons:

  • The follicle produces too much sebum or oil;
  • Many dead skin tissues are collecting in the skin pore;
  • Some types of harmful bacteria have developed in the skin pore.

Learn more: 55 Foods That Cause Acne Breakouts In Adults

  • Symptoms

Acne can be extensively developed everywhere on the body, especially on the neck, face, back, shoulders, and chest. You should especially pay attention to the color of the pimples that they are black or white.

  • Blackheads often exist on the skin surface with the black appearance.
  • Whiteheads are opposite to the blackheads; they are under the skin surface with the white appearance.
  • While both blackheads and whiteheads are the general types of acne, the other harmful damage may occur. The inflammatory lesions can cause the scars of the skin and contain the following symptoms:
  • Papules: Bumps are developed in the small red color. They are caused by the infection of the hair follicles.
  • Pustules: Pimples will appear with small red color, and there will be pus development in the pimples.
  • Nodules: Lumps are painful and solid. They are developing under the skin surface.
  • Cysts: Infections are developing under the skin surface, including pus and are usually painful.

See more: 15 Home Remedies For Cystic Acne Scars & Swelling While Pregnant

4. Cold Sores

types of skin diseases causes

  • Definition

Cold sores exist near the mouth and in different areas of the face. They are normally fluid-filled and red blisters. Rarely, they develop on the nose, fingers, and inside the mouth. They are often converged together in the patches. The cold sores may exist on the skin for 14 days or longer.

There is a general virus, named herpes simplex, is the main reason causing the cold sores. They can transfer from one person to another through the close contact like kissing. The sores easily spread even if they are not visible.

There is no cure for treating the cold sores, and they easily return. Some drugs are used to treat the cold sores and fight against them to come back.

Keep reading: 20 Tips How To Get Rid Of Swollen Lips From Cold Sore Overnight

  • Causes

As mentioned above, there is a general virus, named herpes simplex, is the main reason causing the cold sores. The virus is classified into two main types, they are:

+ Type 1: The herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) often causes the cold sores.

+ Type 1: The herpes simplex virus (HSV-2) usually causes genital herpes.

However, both types of virus have the similar appearance in the actual sores. HSV-1 is able to cause the sores on the genitals and HSV- 2 is able to cause the sore on the mouth. However, it is the rare condition.

The visible cold sores are infectious, but the sores easily spread even if they are not visible. The herpes simplex virus can develop quickly through close contact with the infected patients, such as kissing, sharing food, or sharing cosmetics. In addition to, both genital herpes and cold sores can spread through oral sex.

  • Re-infection

When you got the virus of simplex herpes, it is untreated thoroughly; or even when the skin sores have cured, this type of virus still exists in the body. It means that the new sores can happen at any time. When some people have weak immune systems, they will frequently get the virus in an easy way like during sickness or stressful time.

Check also: 29 Natural Home Remedies for Fever Blisters in Adults

  • Symptoms

Before recognizing the development of the cold sore, you need to care about the burning or tingling sensation on your face or lips in a few days. When the cold sore appears, you will see a red, raised blister fluid. It may give the painful feelings when there will be more than one existing cold sore.

The cold sore may develop for two weeks and will be infectious until it grows the upper crust.

Cold sore [8] is one of the common types of skin diseases and its symptoms can be in the course of forming an outbreak like being sick with a fever, aching muscles, getting swollen lymph glands.

If you touch the cold sore before you touch your eyes, you will get the eye infections. In that case, you had better visit the doctor as soon as possible if you got an eye infection. The virus of simplex herpes is the main reason to make the infection related to the eyes, so that eye infections have resulted in losing the permanent vision once this disease is not immediately treated.

The primary infection of the herpes simplex virus can result in more serious complications and symptoms when your body has not any protective barrier to fight against the virus and bacteria. Complications are infrequent, but can happen to the young children. You had better visit your doctor in the shortest time if you are experiencing some of the following symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing or breathing, getting the persistent fever with high temperature, the irritated and red eyes.

For some people who have the weak immune system (in case of the people got AIDS or cancer) or get eczema disease, complications are easier to develop. On the other hand, if you think you are contracting with the virus of simplex herpes, you should contact your doctor.

Learn also: 20 Best Natural Home Remedies for Eczema in Adults

5. Psoriasis
  • Definition

There are many common types of skin diseases on the human body. Among them, psoriasis is a disease of the chronic skin which showed off by scaly and red areas of the skin. Psoriasis looks so different. It depends on its situation and its type. For people who got this disease (Psoriasis is a chronic an autoimmune disease), they are going to catch the violent pain and itch.

Get more: Top 20 Natural Home Remedies for Psoriasis That Work

  • Types Of Psoriasis

Based on the research of the National Psoriasis Association, there are five main kinds of psoriasis including guttate, pustular, plaque, inverse, and erythrodermic.

In addition, there are also some sub-categories of the types of psoriasis, which have the several appearances depending on their location on your body.

  • Plaque Psoriasis: [9] It is the most popular form of psoriasis, giving the great influence on 80% of people all over the world. Generally, it usually happens on the knees, elbows, scalp, and lower back. It has the characteristics in appearing some thick red areas of skin with a white or silver layer.
  • Guttate Psoriasis: [10] It appears under the forms of the small red marks on your skin. It is the second popular type of psoriasis. The marks usually appear on the limbs and the torso, but they sometimes happen on the scalp and face. They do not appear with the high density like the plaque psoriasis, but they can evolve into the plaque psoriasis during the time. Based on the report of the Health National Institutes, guttate psoriasis often appears during the time of the young adulthood or childhood. [11] It often solves for a long time after processing the short- course treatment.
  • Inverse Psoriasis: This type of skin disease usually occurs in the skin folds (such as in the armpits, in the groin area, and under the breasts). It is often shiny, red, and smooth. There are many patients who get inverse psoriasis also have a several appearances of psoriasis in the other areas of the body.
  • Pustular Psoriasis: [12] Pustular psoriasisis diagnosed by the white pimples surrounding the red skin. The pus inside the acne is not contagious. There are three types of pustular psoriasis. They are palmoplantar pustulosis, von Zumbusch, and acropustulosis. Each of those types has the different severity and symptoms. Pustular psoriasis can influence on some isolated sections of your body, such as feet, hands, or cover almost all surface of the skin.
  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis: [13] Based on the appreciation of the National Psoriasis Association, erythrodermic psoriasis is the rarest type of psoriasis. Moreover, it is extremely serious. This type of psoriasis has the several burns on the skin. It will cover the large sections of the body, and exfoliation usually happens in bigger portions than the typically small pieces to most of the psoriasis. Therefore, it is seriously painful and it will suggest the hospitalization. Erythrodermic psoriasis can develop together with pustular psoriasis, or increase from plaque psoriasis in the poorly controlled, widespread manner. It is possibly caused by an infection, sunburn, significantly stress, alcoholism, or suddenly stopping a kind of the systemic psoriasis medicine

II. Types Of Skin Diseases – Skin Rash

1. Contact Dermatitis

types of skin diseases

  • Definition:

You have already used a new product of skin care or detergent, and your skin has got irritated and red. Perhaps, you must have experienced the contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is one of the common types of skin diseases with its easy-to-see symptoms. This serious skin disease happens when the strange ingredients or the excessive contact with water let your skin become red, itchy, and inflamed.

The reasons for most contact dermatitis are so different so that the patients may feel quite uncomfortable until they relieve itching.

Find more: 18 Tips on How to Stop Rashes From Spreading and Itching

  • Types Of Contact Dermatitis

According to the recent skin research, there are three kinds of contact dermatitis. They are contact dermatitis of allergenic, contact dermatitis of photo, contact dermatitis of the irritant.

  • Causes Of Contact Dermatitis [14]
  • The contact dermatitis by a photo is unpopular. It is the result of contacting with some active properties of sunscreen in which is being exposed to the sunlight.
  • The contact dermatitis by an allergenic: [15] This skin disease happens when the skin has the development of the allergic reaction after displaying to the strange ingredient. This main reason makes the body free the inflammatory chemicals that let the skin be irritated and itchy. The general causes of the contact dermatitis of allergenic include poisonous ivy or poisonous oak, aroma or chemicals in the skincare products and the cosmetics, rubber gloves, and jewelry like gold or nickel.
  • The contact dermatitis by an irritant: Depending on the recent dermatology research, the contact dermatitis of irritant is the most general kind of contact dermatitis. This skin disease occurs when the skin has the contact with the toxic material. So far, the toxic properties that will cause the contact dermatitis of irritant including drain cleaners, the acidity of battery, bleach, Pepper spray, Kerosene oil, and chemical detergents.

Moreover, the contact dermatitis of an irritant can happen in the case of the skin has contacted with some irritating ingredients like soap, or water too often. The people who are working as bartenders, hairdressers, and healthcare workers, usually get experience in the contact dermatitis of an irritant.

Read more: 20 Natural Home Remedies for Allergies in Adults & Children

  • Symptoms Of Contact Dermatitis

The description of the contact dermatitis usually relies on the skin sensitive level and the cause. So that, symptoms related to the contact dermatitis of allergic include:

  • Scaly, dry, and flaky skin
  • Red skin
  • Hives
  • Dry or oozing blisters
  • Absolutely itching
  • Sun sensitivity
  • Skin that being leathery and darkened
  • Skin that burns together with the sores
  • Face, eyes and groin areas are swelling
  • The contact dermatitis of an irritant will have some slightly several symptoms, such as:
  • Cracking skin because of extreme dryness
  • Blistering
  • Ulcerations
  • Opening the sores
  • Feeling tightened or stiff on the skin
  • Swelling

Get more: Top 29 Natural Home Remedies For Hives On Face & Body

  • Diagnosis

If your symptoms are more serious or not getting better for a long time, you should contact your doctor immediately. He will check your skin carefully and obtain a careful medical history. He may ask some questions related to the symptoms.

Of course, your doctor may suggest you an allergic expert to determine the reason of your contact dermatitis. This expert can do an allergic test in which applied in a small area on your skin to an allergen. If reacting on your skin, the allergic expert can pinpoint the main reason for your contact dermatitis.

2. Fungal Infection

types of skin diseases

  • Definition

One of the common types of skin diseases is a fungal infection. It can happen in the several areas of the body.

The fungi are microorganisms that characterized by an ingredient in their cell walls called chitin.

Some types of fungi are edible, like mushrooms. Another one will be the factor of being seriously dangerous, such as aspergillus until when they infect the bodies and result in the life-threatening diseases.

There are some different types of fungi can cause the infections on the skin, nails, and lungs.

Learn more: Research-Based Anti-Fungal Foods For Candida And Yeast Infection

  • Types Of Fungal Infection

Though most of the fungi are innocuous to the humans, some of the fungi are able to cause the disease in the particular conditions. Fungi develop quickly by releasing the fungal spores in contacting directly or even breathing in. That is the reason why the fungal infections often have an effect on the skin, nails, and lungs. Fungi can make a puncture in the skin to influence your organs and leave the body infections.

According to the newest skin research, there are some common kinds of the fungal infection, they are:

  • Ringworm: Ringworm is a type of fungal infection. It has a bad influence on the scalp and skin. It often brings the initial signs as an itchy, reddish, and scaly rash. It will become larger and creates a red ring during the time.
  • Athlete’s Foot: Some fungal infections, named dermatophytes, live on the skin, hair, and nails and thrive in warm, moist areas such as toes and particularly prevalent among the athletes. Therefore, the athlete’s foot gives rise to be scaling, cracking, itching, or peeling of the skin.
  • Fungal nail: the Fungal nail is a general fungal infection. It often begins with a small light of colorful spot on the nails. When it gets larger, it will change the color and the shape of the nail, and it becomes more brittle and thicker. It is often recurrent and painful.
  • Jock Itch: Dermatophytes can influence the groin place, creating the infection of an itchy fungal skin. It is a problem for both boys and men, and women can have the chances to get the infection too.
  • Other Opportunistic Organisms: Some types of fungal organisms do not infect in humans but cause the sickness and decline of immune systems.

See more: 20 Fast Remedies How to Get Rid of Jock Itch Naturally

31 Safe Home Remedies for Athlete’s Foot Blisters & Toenail Fungus

  • Causes Of Fungal Infection

The fungal infection is infectious. It can develop extensively from one body to another. However, the people usually have the powerful protections fighting against fungi.

As you know, most part of the human body has bacteria of not disease- causing that can keep us safe from the fungal infection. These bacteria will kill the harmful fungi of nutrients and space. In addition to, even if the fungi colonize the skin, the immune system of the body will fight them off. The levels of the high acidity in some surroundings like the pussy also create the other layer to protecting.

On the other hand, not all of the defense mechanisms of the body are effective. The patients who have the weak immune system, for instance, the immune system do not have the ability to fight against the fungal infection. Moreover, the usage of antibiotics for a long time will destroy the helpful bacteria, give the condition for the fungi colonize the mucous and skin. For menopausal women, the hormonal changes will reduce the acid level of their pussy, so the women are easier to prone to vaginal yeast infections.

See more: 28 natural home remedies for yeast infection symptoms

  • Risk Factors For Increasing The Fungal Infections
  • Nail & Skin Injury or Infection: If you get an injury in skin and nail, the infection can make fungi permeate the skin and have the bad influence on the deeper cells.
  • Circulation of poor blood: Poor circulation can obstruct the immune response and reduce the resistance to fight fungal infection.
  • Humidity and dampness: Sweating profusely, working in a humid environment and in a warm can develop the risks for the fungal infections. As you know, the fungi need a moist and warm habitat to develop.

Walking barefoot in the wet areas like locker rooms, gyms, and showers will increase the risks. These public areas are the suitable places leading to the fungal infections.

Find more: 15 Home Remedies Using Tea Tree Oil For Yeast Infection Itching

  • Diagnosis

Most of the fungal infections are diagnosed by the physical appearance themselves. However, the doctor will give some related questions to know the condition and the progress of the fungal infections.

  • Scrapings: For a nail infection, the doctor will take out the small pieces of the fungal nail and diagnose them with a microscope. This helps distinguish the fungal nail from the other conditions that thicken the nail.
  • Throat Swab: Patients who apply the antibiotic therapy for a long time are going to create the oral thrush, a kind of infection called candida that causes the white patches in the throat and mouth. The doctor will apply a medical therapy process of a sore throat to rub across these white patches and then culture in the laboratory to identify the existence of fungi and other microorganisms.

Get more:  41 Home Remedies for Oral Thrush in Infants and Adults

Types Of Skin Diseases – Conclusion

The above are some necessary information you should know about the types of skin diseases, as well as the causes, symptoms, diagnosis. This writing may be useful for you, it will help you find out the names of the skin disease early in case of you or your beloved one has one of those symptoms and types of skin diseases. If any, you had better pay attention to these symptoms carefully and usually take care of them. Please share this writing if you recognize that it is informative and useful for everyone. In addition to, it is better when you do not mind leaving your comment if you have any question or ideas related to these common types of skin diseases and their symptoms. We are going to try our best to reply for you soon. Finally, visit our website if you want to look for much useful information.

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